What is Compression Therapy ?
compression therapy in physiotherapy most important. Compression therapy is a part of electrotherapy. That is wearing socks or stockings that are specially designed to support veins and increase circulation in legs or lower limb.
Principles of Compression Therapy
The principle of this therapy is to exert a controlled pressure on the limb.
By compression, strongest at ankle and decreasing going up the leg- the compression stocks helps the venous return, decrease venous pressure, prevent venous stasis.
Compression Therapy Benefits
Biological effect of compression therapy:
- Increase venous blood flow.
- Decrease venous blood volume.
- Reduce reflex in the diseased area.
- Superficial and/or deep veins
- Reduces a pathologically elevated venous pressure
Therapeutic effects of compression therapy:
- Reduces an elevated older injury of the tissue
- Increase the drainage of nocious substances
- Reduces inflammation
- Improves movement of tendons and joint
Compression Therapy Indication
- Lymph edema
- Venous ulcers
- Venous insufficiency
Contraindication for Compression Therapy
- Re-compensated cardiac failure
- Severe skin infections
- Allergic to bandage
- Diabetic microangiopathy
Side Effects of Compression Therapy
- Acute infection
- Active cancer
- Renal failure
- Heat conditions
Precautions for Compression Therapy
- Need comfortable position
- Ready the patient for compression therapy
- Check out machine switch
- Check out machine parts
- Must be needed safety for therapist and patients
- Must be take a suitable position in physiotherapy center
Graduated Compression Socks
- Compression therapy is the application of helped graduated external pressure to the limb to decrease venous pressure within the body part.
- Strongest at the ankle and decreasing in the proximal direction
- To be effective, must fit over the calf
- Require measurement, fitting and patient counseling by a certified and trained compression specialist.
Best Compression Socks
What is compression therapy for legs between bandages and stocking in compression ? Short-stretch bandages are more suitable than compression stocks immediately post operative or in the case of a weeping ulcer. However, where compression is needed over a longer period of time, stocking are the best option.
Stockings give most compression at the ankle, with less at the knee and least in the thing. This helps the return of blood from the leg.
Compression hosiery can be used for the treatment of active ulcers of an alternative to compression bandaging. It is also very useful for preventing ulcer recurrences. Compression hosiery’s are classified according to the pressure and level applied at the ankle.
|class||pressure||Indication for use|
|1||14 – 17 mm Hg||Varicose veins, mild swelling|
|2||18 – 24 mm Hg||Moderate to severe varicose veins, mild swelling, small ulcers, and prevention of ulcer recurrence.|
|3||25 – 35 mm Hg||Sever varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency (gross swelling), ulcers, and prevention of ulcer recurrence.|
Measurement of the lower leg need to be taken to ensure the stocking fits properly. A correctly fitted stocking will produce an effective graduation in pressure and be comfortable to wear. A poorly fitted stocking may cause trauma, discomfort and more harm than good. Maximum cases stocking are worn up to just below the knee, although thigh length stocking are available. If there is below the knee or swelling above or where there is joint deformity.
Compression hosiery is made from a number of different fibers including nylon, cotton yarn and elastane. Off-the-shelf stockings include circular knit stockings and flat-bed knit stockings. Flat-bed knit stockings are more flexible. Than making them easier to get on and off, circular knit stockings. Net stockings and one-way stretch stockings are available as made-to-measure items.
Studies on compression hosiery show when that following removal of the stockings. There is little evidence of reversal of the underlying disease process and restoration of the valves or improvement in calf muscle function. Hence, patients needed to be made aware that is part of the long-term management plan of venous insufficiency and leg ulceration, graduated compression hosier, die, in conjunction with exercise, limb elevation and skin care.
Compression stockings for varicose veins
Compression stockings are slow the progress of varicose veins and help relieve symptoms. They are a mainstay of treatment for varicose veins that are causing symptoms and improve circulation. (Mild varicose veins are not causing symptoms and don’t need treatment.) Compression stockings are so tightest at the foot. They are gradually loose as they fitted higher on the leg.
Doctors often recommended that you wear the stockings during the day to help relieve symptoms.
- For very mild symptoms, you will be wanted to start out using regular support panty hose, knee socks or knee-highs. (Which end just above the calf, below the knee). You may find that these help swelling and aching considerably. They also less expensive than the special compression stockings a doctor prescribes, and they are available at most Department stores or online
- For more serious symptoms, you will can be wanted to buy special compression stockings from the medical supply store (with a doctor’s prescription), here you will can be fitted for them.
Compression stockings can be expensive. They may be hard to put on, and it may take you awhile to get used to wearing them all day. But it they fit right, they should be snug but comfortable. If you feel problems wearing the stockings, you must be talk to your doctor or search in google on your area for compression therapy near me.
Consider any problems you may have with the chance that they may help your problem from getting worse and may help you avoid surgery.
When avoid elastic bandages for varicose veins unless your doctor then specifically suggests them. They are can be may make varicose veins worse and cut off blood flow. (If this type of bandages is recommended, ask how to wrap it).