Physiotherapy exercise Reviews-2019[Fully Updated]


What is physiotherapy?

Today we learn about physiotherapy exercise. Why we used physiotherapy exercise for a patient how to it’s working. How to used this treatment. So Let’s go.     

Physiotherapy exercise   is a mean of accelerating the patients recovery from injuries and diseases which have altered his normal way of living.

Classification of physiotherapy exercise

It’s mainly two types:

A. Active physiotherapy exercise

1. Voluntary:

Free active exercise.

Assisted active exercise.

Assisted resisted active exercise.

Resisted active exercise.  

2. Involuntary:

           a.  Reflex

B. Passive physiotherapy exercise:

Relaxed passive movement.

Passive manual mobilization.

Techniques of passive manual Mobilization

Mobilization of joint.

Manipulation of joint.

Controlled sustained stretching of tightened structure.

The principal of physiotherapy exercise

The functional exercise: program follows a linear path from  basic mobility to basic stability to movement patterns.

Corrective exercise: falls into one of the three basic categories mobility stability and retraining of movement patterns.

Mobility exercise: focus on joint ROM(range of motion) tissue length and muscle flexibility.

Stability exercise: focus on the basic sequencing of the movement.

Retraining movement patterns: incorporates the use of fundamental mobility and stability into specific movement patterns to reinforce

Aims of physiotherapy exercise

To increase range of motion.

To prevent joint stiffness.

To prevent deformity.

To increase strength.

To increase muscle power.

To increase endurance.

To maintain muscle strength.

To increase blood circulation.

I.To maintain cardio-pulmonary fitness.

To improve lung function.

To prevent injury.

To reduce performance of any sports.

Objective of physiotherapy exercise

The first objective of physiotherapy exercise is to help the body reduce pain

and inflammation. Once this is achieved the exercise program focuses on

 regaining range of motion and rebuilding muscle strength and endurance.

Indication of physiotherapy exercise


Parkinson’s Disease

Guillain Barre Syndrome

Bell’s Palsy

Frozen Shoulder

Tennis Elbow

Ankle Sprain

Brain And Spinal Cord Injury

Transverse Myelitis

PLID(Prolapse Lumber Inter vertebral Disk

Multiple Scelorosis

Torticolis(Wry Neck)

Sport Injuries

Hard Tissue Injury





Muscle spasticity.

Low back pain

Muscle spasm


Rheumatoid Arthritis

Ankylosing SpondylitisG



Cervical Spondylosis



Skin Graft

Ischemic Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease

Kyphosis Scoliosis And


Spinal Deformity

Septic Arthritis





Muscle weakness.

Preoperative conditions

Postoperative conditions

Cerebral palsy

Bronchial plexus injury

Nerve reconstruction


Muscle reconstruction


Cardiac rehabilitation

Congenital deformity

Limited joint range of


Diabetic Mellitus

Muscle shortness

Contraindications of physiotherapy exercise

Recent fracture

Open wound

Carcinoma/ malignancy




Blodd pressure more than 200 mm of Hg.

Necessity of physiotherapy exercise

To range of motion which is helpful for athletes.

To prevent injury.

To prevent deformity after any bones or joint or nerve injury.

To increase strength of muscles power.

To increase endurance.

To maintain muscle length.

To increase blood circulation.

To improve cardio-pulmonary fitness.

To improve performance in sports.

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Author: ptlearn19

I am physiotherapist.

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