Hip Bone

Today we learn hip bone or hip joint. here how many bones, artery, nerve, ligament, articulation or structure and movement. so let’s go..

Definition/Airticulation/Structure of hip bone joint

The hip bone joint is the articulation between the hemispherical head of femur and the cup shaped acetabulum of the hip bone.

Type of the hip bone

Ball and socket type of synovial joint.

The bones of hip joint

Ilium

Ischium

Pubis

Sacral

Coccyx

Femur of head

Ligament of hip bone

1.The ilillifemoral ligament

2. The pubofemoral ligament 

3. The ischiofemoral ligament

4. The transverse acetabulum ligament

5. The ligament of the head of femur.       

Artery of hip joint

Common iliac artery

External iliac artery

Internal iliac artery

Suoerior gluteal artery

Inferior glureal artery

Lateral circumflex femoral artery

Medial circumflex femoral artery

Deep artery of thigh

1st perforating artery

Femoral artery

Obturator artery

Nerve supply of hip joint

1. Femoral nerve

2. Obturator nerve

3. Sciatic nerve

4. Quadratus nerve

Movement of muscles of hip joint

1. Flexion: It is performed by the iliopaoas, rectus femoris, sartorius and adductor muscle.

2. Extension: It is performed by the gluteus maximus and hamstring muscles.

3. Abduction: It is performed by the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae and piriformis muscle.

4. Adduction: It is performed by the adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, pectineus and gracilis muscles.

5. Lateral rotation: It is performed by the piriformis, obturator internus, obturator externus, pectineus and gracilis muscles.

6. Medial rotation: It is performed by gluteus medius and minimums and tensor fasciae latae muscles.

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Author: ptlearn19

I am physiotherapist.

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